Gynecomastia is a common disorder of the endocrine system in which there is a non-cancerous increase in the size of male breast tissue. Most adolescent boys, up to 70% have some breast development during puberty.
Gynecomastia in childhood and adolescence may be due to various causes such as hypertide, cirrhosis, lung cancer, lung diseases, thyroid gland diseases, testicular diseases, drug use, steroid use for weight gain or muscle. However, there is no specific cause in the vast majority of adult gynecomastia. Some drugs that are used over a long period of time may also be the cause of gynecomastia in the adult period. For these reasons, hormone and endocrinology consultation should be done if necessary.
In gynecomastia correction extraction of fat tissue for the fat component is generally sufficient. If there is a grown mammary gland or too much excess skin accompanies the problem, different techniques must be applied for the correction (extra methods may add extra insicion scars). In most of the cases successful results are obtained with liposuction-like methods.
The procedure is performed with general anesthesia in full hospital conditions. The chest area should be supported with elastic bandage during recovery period.